How much Social Security-covered work credits do I need to get Social Security Disability Insurance benefits? |
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How much Social Security-covered work credits do I need to get Social Security Disability Insurance benefits?

By   /  November 11, 2012  /  80 Comments

See how many work credits you must have to collect Social Security Disability Insurance benefits and learn how to find out if you have enough credits.

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Watch the Video: “How much Social Security-covered work do I need to get Social Security Disability Insurance benefits?”

How to Earn Work Credits for Disability Insurance

As a disabled worker, to receive Social Security Disability Insurance benefits, which are usually called just Social Security Disability benefits, you must be disabled as defined by Social Security law and you must be insured for disability benefits under the Social Security system on the date that your disability began.

Workers become insured by earning work credits, sometimes called quarters of coverage, in jobs that are subject to Social Security payroll taxes or Social Security self-employment tax. The earnings from these jobs are called Social Security wages. A quarter of coverage, or work credit, is obtained by working and earning a certain dollar amount. As the cost of living has increased, the amount of earnings required for a one work credit has also increased. For example, in 1998, the amount was $700.00 and in 2010 it was $1,120.00. In 2016 the amount increased to $1,220.00 per quarter. You can earn up to four credits per year, and it does not matter when during the calendar year you earn the dollar amount needed for the credits. Your four credits can be earned over an entire year, or they can be attained all in a single calendar quarter, or even in a single month. For more information about increases in the cost of living and Social Security, visit our article “Will I Get Cost-of-living Increases in My Disability Benefit Check?”

Age at Disability Determines the Number of Credits You Need

The number of work credits required to be insured depends on your age when you become disabled. If you are age twenty-three or younger when you become disabled, you need to have earned six credits in the three-year period immediately prior to the onset of your disability.

If you become disabled between ages twenty-four and thirty-one, Social Security looks at how many credits you earned between age twenty-one and the date your disability began. You are insured if you have earned one credit for every two calendar quarters in that period. In other words, you must have earned half of the total possible credits. Let’s look at an example. Suppose you became disabled exactly four years after your twenty-first birthday, at age twenty-five. Then there would be sixteen calendar quarters in the period that Social Security reviews and you would need to have eight work credits.

On the other hand, if you are age thirty-two or older when you become disabled, you have to be both fully insured and currently insured on the date that your disability began. All your work that was subject to Social Security tax counts toward your being fully insured. The number of credits required to be fully insured ranges from twenty to forty, depending on your age when you become disabled. For example, disability at age forty-four requires twenty-two credits, but; disability at age fifty-six requires thirty-four credits. For you to meet the second requirement of being currently insured, twenty of your work credits have to have been earned in the ten years immediately before you became disabled.

Disability Benefits on Another Worker’s Earnings Record

To claim Disabled Adult Child benefits or Disabled Widows benefits, the worker on whose earnings record you are claiming benefits must be insured and either receiving benefits or deceased. For more information about Social Security survivor benefits and dependent benefits, see our article “Who Are the Four Groups of People Who Can Apply for Disability and Who May Meet the Requirements for Eligibility for Social Security Disability?”

How to Find Out If You Are Insured

If you are disabled, the best way to find out you if you are insured for disability benefits is to file a disability claim with the Social Security Administration to get a formal decision. But, if you would like a preview, you can review the earnings statement that the Social Security Administration has mailed out in past years. The statement tells whether you were insured for disability benefits at the time the notice was sent. However, because the statement does not include your current year’s and sometimes your prior year’s work, you might be insured, even if the statement says that you are not. Additionally, though not common, some of your other work may be missing from the statement. It’s always a good idea to compare your W-2s and self-employment tax returns with the itemization of earnings on the statement to be sure you are getting credit for all your work under the Social Security Disability Insurance program. If you find a discrepancy, contact the Social Security Administration with any proof you have of the missing earnings.

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80 Comments

  1. Paul says:

    Hi I have a question . my uncle is over 65. They took his ssi away because he was missing g three months of work. How does he get it back. My grandmother is supposedly his caregiver and she is supposedly trying to help him get it back. But he had 4 life insurance checks and she cashed one for 8 grand without his consent and is redoing his kitchen with the money and he didn’t consent to it. Because he lives with his mom and supposedly they’re doing it to help her see better. Does he have to spend all this money before he can get his ssi back. He did not want to spend the money he didn’t plan on cashing the checks in. But my grandmother has power of attorney so she just cashes his check without his knowing and decided to do this kitchen. Her husband wulill be getting the house after his mother passes. Doea this have anything to do with getting ssi back. She is saying he can’t have the checks in order to get it so she is spending them on remodeling the house when he lives there and had no say on what the money got spent on. I just want to know how he can get his ssi back . I feel bad for what he is going through I feel like she is going to spend his money then he is not going to get ssi

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Paul,

      The only way your uncle will become insured for Social Security Disability or Retirement is to work and earn the missing three credits.

      I think that your grandmother is referring to trying to get him Supplemental Security Income (SSI) based on his age and on having countable income and assets below a certain limit. If he has certain kinds of life insurance that have countable value over $2,000, he is not be eligible for SS. She may be trying to spend down so he can become eligible; however, spending the money on a house he does not own is like giving it away (even though he lives in the house), which could still bar him from getting SSI. Transfer of $8,000 could bar eligibility for about eleven months. That said, if he is living in the house rent free, then the $8,000 might be considered payment of rent.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  2. Michelle says:

    Hi! I responded to the wrong article prior. My close friend suffered a stroke at 40. She had not worked the previous 10 years because she was raising her children. She had worked for over 20 years prior to having her children. She spent an average of at least 16 hours a week volunteering at their school every year. She had planned on going back to work soon to start saving. She was denied SSDI due to lack of current work credits. This seems pretty unfair as she had worked, was caring for children, and providing services to our government through volunteer work. Is there a clause for parents caring for dependents? Also, is there a way for her to quantify the hours she worked as a volunteer to act as work credits? I did the math and at 10 dollars an hour, she saved our government about 7,000 dollars a year. This all seem very unjust for her and her family. She worked hard and took care of her family. Could a lawyer help her, or is this pretty cut and dry denial? Thanks!!

  3. Rebecca says:

    I’m a little confused about the work credits. What is the amount needed to earn these credits for tax year 2015? I can’t determine if they use the amount from 2015 or from 2016.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Rebecca,

      A person can earn up to four quarters of coverage (work credits) per year. In 2015 and in 2016, $1,220 gross earns one credit.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  4. Natalie Braxton says:

    Hi Kay,
    I am concerned about some money that SSA should be sending me.
    I started out my social security disability claim with an advocator helping me out. Then later on after I didnt get much from the advocator I switched to an attorney that had more experience. I ended up winning my case. But after I won my case and received my backpay, I received one particular letter that advised me that 10k of my backpay was being held because the judge needed to determine whether or not the attorney or the former advocator would get the full 6k. I just found out from my attorney’s office that they received their payment from SSA last month after seeing the judge. My attorney told me that he got $4000 and the judge granted the advocator $2000. My attorney told me that I should receive that remaining 4K that was held. So I have been waiting and still have not received anything from SSA. I am hoping that you have some advice for me. I recently called SSA and the rep I got told me that she did not see anything in the system showing that the 4k was being processed. Do you happen to know anything about how this works? I greatly appreciate you in advance.

  5. Jason Bavaro says:

    Im 37 years old I called the office they said I have 34 work and credits and the last time I worked was November 2013 I develpoed PTSD,anxiety, depression, after my 23 brother kill himself after trying to kill me.I have a lot of physical issues too like 6 herniated disks one fractured disc.hepititus c,copd,sleep apnea.when do they consider you disabled when the incident occurred or when the doctor declares it and am I eligible with the work facts I gave you

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Jason,

      Dear Jason,

      If twenty of the thirty-four work credits were earned in the ten years before you became disabled, you have enough work credits to be insured. I suggest that you file a claim and get a formal decision. Usually,the established disability date is the date that you first have medical evidence of your condition. If there is lag time between the incident and when you got medical and psychiatric treatment, include a description of any functional problems you were having during that time frame. If anyone observed the problems, they could write up what they observed being sure to give the time frame.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  6. Valerie J. Gamble says:

    Hi,
    I would like to know what kind of benefits from ssi is going to give me when I have already been approved for ssdi and I had enough credit points already. The amount for my ssdi is well over the amount for ssi. So I thought if you have enough credit points for ssdi then you can’t get ssi. They said it was back pay for the time I became disabled in 2013. I will receive back pay for my ssdi. Please explain. Thank you

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Valerie,

      You will receive SSI for months between the month of application and the first month you receive a Social Security benefit. Your Social Security back pay for the same period will be reduced by the amount of SSI paid for that same period.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  7. Susan says:

    What dose it mean that my last insured date is DEC 31 2015 dose that mean my disalitity will end

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Susan,

      Your disability has to have begun on or before your last insured date in order to be eligible for Social Security Disability benefits. Benefits do not end on the date last insured.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  8. beckie says:

    If you are single with no dependants and you are approved for disability do you receive the full family payment

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Beckie,

      Dependent benefits paid under the family maximum are paid to support dependents. If you have no dependents, only your own benefit is payable.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

    • I am a newton wijesinghe, I am 67 years old, I don’t have any income, My wife fast away, she not put my name survivor benefit and life insurance. I lost both, I was apply my social security, I have a only 38 point, I am now 3 month behind my mortgage, can I get any help.

      • Kay Derochie says:

        Dear Newton,

        If your wife worked and was insured for Social Security survivor benefits, you can draw benefits on her account without her “putting your name on survivor benefits.” You just have to present a marriage certificate to Social Security. You can also apply for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) based on your age. The Social Security Administration accepts applications for and administers SSI. You can learn more about SSI by reading the articles under the “SSI” tab on the navigation bar at the top of this website page.

        Sincerely,
        Kay

  9. Janice Marie Aguilar says:

    Hi Kay, I am very confused and really didn’t have any one to turn to for answers but I thought of you. You have been so helpful to me during these difficult times. I was approved for my ssdi in June of this year (2015) but my approval letter stated that I have to have a medical review this coming December 2015, which would barely be my 6 month mark of receiving benefits. My friend was telling me she never heard of that because she thought medical reviews were only done every 3-5 years. I also got a letter today that is called a “Work Activity Report” It is asking me about all the income I have made at my previous jobs in the past since my disability onset date of 06/2012. It wants me to break down the income I brought in for each month since then or to send in old paycheck stubs. I worked at 3 jobs during the time I was first getting sick in order to pay all my bills, but each job I had to quit because I was too sick to continue working. I even told the judge this during my hearing. I was wanting to know if this form has anything to do with that upcoming medical review I have in December. I am so confused, exhausted I thought I was finally at a place of rest and now this. I think the most stressful part of this all is that I don’t even know where all my old stubs are from that far back. It says I only have 15 days from today to get this to them or they stop my benefits. Thank you so much in advance, your help is greatly appreciated.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Janice,

      Some continuing disability reviews are set for short period of time after the approval because the information indicates that the person might improve by then. The form is probably part of that review. Complete as much of it as possible estimating how much per month you earned. Be as accurate as you can in your estimates of when you started and stopped and be sure to say that each time you stopped because of your illness. Also, be sure to put on the form that all of the work was before your hearing and the judge was aware of the work when he approved you and that you have not worked since the hearing. Submit any pay stubs or W-2s you have for the work. If you are missing some, put on the form that you no longer have the missing stubs and that you are trying to get them from your former employers (and do try to get verification of stop and start dates and total earned in that time).

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  10. Sarah says:

    I became disabled in 04/2015 and filed for SSDI and was denied benefits because I didn’t have enough work credits ending in year 2014. My question is can I use 2 work credits earned in the last 2 quarters of year 2005 and use the first 2 quarters of 2015 for my work credits? Thank you for any help.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Sarah,

      You cannot use the quarters earned in 2005 because 2005 is not in the five-year period before your disability began. You can, however, use the quarters earned in 2015. You may have to claim your disability date as the first of the month after the month in which you earned the necessary quarters of coverage.

      I suggest that you take in your proof of 2014 quarters (your W-2 form or self-employment tax papers) and your pay stubs from 2015 or proof of self-employment profit in 2015 to Social Security. If the proofs make you insured on the date you originally claimed, appeal the denial. If they do not and you have to claim a later date of disability, file a new claim. Before filing the claim and asserting a date, ask Social Security to tell you the first date that you were insured and make your disability date after that. (Hopefully, moving the date will not cause your earliest countable quarters to fall out of the five-year period because of the later disability date.)

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  11. Mandie says:

    Hi Kay,

    I’m 32 years old, never been married, no children and have a Bachelors of Science degree. I have not been employed since 2010. From 2010-2014, my SS statement shows $0 in earnings. I do have reported earnings beginning in 1998-2003. In 2004, $0 in earnings. In 2005-2009 I do have reported earnings. If you’d like the dollar amount of my working years, I have no problem providing you.

    On my SS statement re: Disability:
    “To get benefits if you become disabled right now, you need 20 credits of work. You had to earn these credits in the last 10 years.
    Your record shows you do not have enough credits in the right time period.”

    If I file today for benefits with a disability date of 2010/2011 (for physical injury sustained from non-fault car accident in 2009) and also include my mental health disabilities (had since age of 14, documented til this day, but irrelevant), that have affected my ability to obtain gainful employment combined with my physical injury since 2012 or so, would I meet the credits needed in the right time period?

    I have had my own doctors (psychiatrist and orthopedic surgeon, pain management doctor, PCP, etc) who have seen me for more than 5 years, maintained private health insurance the entire time and I see each regularly. I have thousands of medical records to send SS from my own doctors documenting my health and care.

    In my case, do you advise me to hire an attorney from day one? Do you recommend having my psychiatrist and my other doctors add to my file their opinions on my work ability? I have discussed this with my psychiatrist, but not my other doctors. I’m ashamed to tell my PCP, Ortho doc, pain management doctor that I may apply for disability. My PCP issued me a disability placard years ago. Should my psychiatrist go ahead and administer the functioning test now? Any other advice Kay?

    Thanks in advance for your assistance.

    Respectfully,

    Mandie

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Mandie,

      You may have been insured at the time you became disabled. It depends on how much you earned in each of years you listed. I have inserted a list of the amount needed for one quarter of coverage (four can be earned per year) at the end of this response. Also, becoming disabled before age thirty-one means that the required number of credits is less than twenty and depends on the age you became disabled.

      You can file for disability and list the date that you became disabled (2009 or 2012–I couldn’t tell when you thought you became disabled). When you file the application, ask for the date you were last insured. It is good that you have medical records back to those years because you have to prove that you became disabled when you were last insured and preferably that you have been continuously disabled since then. List all your medical and mental health conditions and, yes, get the mental function test if that is an issue. Provide a chronology of the onset of each of your conditions, what kind of treatment you got and when, how your conditions responded or didn’t respond to the treatment. List all your health care providers with their contact information and submit any medical records you have.

      When talking with your doctors about filing for disability, let them know that you have other conditions treated by other doctors and that the combination of symptoms is keeping you from working.

      If you are denied, appeal using an experienced Social Security. When you hire a Social Security attorney, you do not have to pay any legal fees up front and you will pay attorney fees only if you are approved for benefits. Social Security law sets the amount your attorney can charge and the Social Security Administration pays the attorney directly from the retroactive award before sending your back pay to you.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  12. Kristan says:

    Hello, I turned 19 this year in July and I’m wanting to get on disability because in the year of 2012 I got into a four-wheeler accident but it also wasn’t my fault; hence I wasn’t the one driving. Anyways, it made me get a curve in my spine and I have serious issues with working, walking & sitting for a long period of time. I have a limp and my shoulders & hips are out of place due to what my previous doctor explained. I’ve worked before but not very long due to multiple reasons. I’ve got x-rays and prescription medication for the pain I’ve had. The total amount of x-rays is probably 3 times and I’m going to go to my next one in November. My last job I’ve worked for 3-4 weeks and quit. I’ve also worked at a a children’s care company in the past that lasted 4 months as a internship but still getting paid for it. The mistake was that my family didn’t take me to the hospital as soon as the wreck happened. We didn’t talk about disability this serious until this year. I’m going to get a brace soon as well. Now.. I’m sure I don’t have 6 credits for this because I’ve had no luck getting another job. I wanted to know if I could still get approved or have any way to help the situation. I’m worried I won’t get income at all do to my situation. Please help.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Kristan,

      You can apply for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability, which is also administered by the Social Security Administration. It requires low income and assets rather than work credits. Information about SSI can be found under the SSI tab on the navigation bar of this website. I suggest that at the same time you contact your state’s Department of Vocational Rehabilitation to see if you qualify for training services to learn a type of work that you can perform with your limitations.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  13. Janice Marie Aguilar says:

    Hi, I got my approval for my ssdi. When I read the letter it says this: “the claimants earning record shows that the claimant has aquired sufficient quarters of coverage to remain insured through December 31 2017. Thus the claimaint must establish disability on or before that date in order to be entitled to a period of disability and disability insurance benefits. ”
    Can you please help me? I do not know what this means. Does it mean I can only get ssdi till 12/31/17? Thanks in advance.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Janice,

      You only have to be insured on the date that disability began. The reference to the date is to show that you were insured when you became disabled. It does not mean that your benefits will stop at the end of 2017.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

      • Janice Marie Aguilar says:

        Thank you for your response. That information greatly helps me. I also got a letter today explaining my back pay and my monthly amount. But in this letter it didn’t mention anything about my 11 year old son and benefit payout for me for him. I was really hoping I would get a payout for the fact that I have a child. Should I do something? It seems like they totally forgot I have a child. I really thank you so much for your help. because I am sooo stressed out, behind on all my bills, depressed because this illness had been trying to destroy my life. Now, I am thankful to have been approved I just don’t want to leave anything I am entitled to on the table. I really don’t know how this all works and not many people to turn to so I can’t stress how much I appreciate you right now!

        • Kay Derochie says:

          Dear Janice Marie,

          Your son’s claim is handled separately from and after yours, and you will get a separate award letter for him if he is approved.

          I suggest that you call Social Security at 1-800-772-1213 to find out whether your family maximum benefit is greater than your monthly benefit. If it is, your son is eligible for benefits. If he is eligible, then contact your local office to find out if you need to submit his birth certificate or file to be his payee to get his benefits started.

          Sincerely,
          Kay

          • Janice Marie Aguilar says:

            Kay,

            Thank you sooo much for your direction. It is so confusing not knowing how this all works & what to expect next. I sure do appreciate you greatly!

          • Kay Derochie says:

            You are welcome, Janice Marie.

  14. my son who just turned 26 has been on disability for 5 years and receives no Ssi because his wife just make the minimum to not do so . He received only 463. a month . He worked on and off in high school and summers . It took 3 years to get disability .It that a correct amount for someone with this work history . And is there some agency that can help them financially.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Kim,

      I believe that you are saying that your son receives Social Security Disability (SSDI) in the amount of $463. The amount could be correct given the limited work history you describe. Your son can request a copy of his earnings record to make sure that all his work is posted. If it is, then the payment should be correct.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  15. zak says:

    HI , I AM APPROVED FOR SSDI AMOUNT IS 739 . IALSO APPLIED SSI AMOUNT IS 199 . IM IN NEWYORK , I M CONFUSED WITH AMOUNT 739+199 = 938 . I THINK THEY MADE MISTAKE IN ACCOUNT , I MEAN THEY PAY MORE THAN I SHUD ,, NOT MY MISTAKE IF THEY PAID THIS AMOUNT , SHUD I GO TO SSA AND ASK THEM,.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Zak,

      I believe that the maximum amount in New York for one month should be $820. You should contact Social Security to get an explanation of the payment. (It is possible that the payment is for more than one month of state supplement.) You are aware that the payment may be wrong so you would be at fault in accepting it and would have to repay the amount of the overpayment when the error is caught as it eventually would be.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  16. Ralph says:

    I am going to apply for ssdi in the near future.
    If I filed tax returns but owe taxes, do those years qualify as ‘countable income’ towards ssdi?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Ralph,

      If you were an employee, your employer should have withheld your Social Security taxes and sent them into the IRS and the years you owed income taxes would still be counted in your work earnings. If you were self-employed and you are referring to Social Security self-employment tax, then you might not get credit for those years earnings until the self-employment taxes are paid. If you are self-employed, check with the IRS about what they report to Social Security when taxes are filed but not paid and/or check with the
      Social Security Administration.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  17. Tonnette says:

    Hi,
    I can not get SSI because my husband exceed the amount for the household. I am trying to figure, how can I get SSDI without having enough work credits ? I have been issues since 2010 and have been getting worst since then. We stay in a different state and the living cost is a little more here. So I decided to file for SSDI but, I am missing 8 work credits and I am not able to work. Me getting a job makes me an un reliable person because of my condition. To go out and try to work and can cause more damage to myself. I do not know what to for more finincial help. So my question is, can you get ssdi without having enough work credits? I was thinking what do people do who they get disable while working but not on the job. What kind of help do they get? If they have a veteran spouse as I do that get benefits for the government but it only barley make ends meet. What do they do?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Tonnette,

      You cannot get Social Security Disability (SSDI) without the required work credits. I suggest that you check with your local state or county social services department to see if your family qualifies for SNAP (food stamps). Also, some power companies have energy assistance programs for which you might qualify.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

      • Tonnette says:

        We had SNAP the cut benefits of because they seen I was approve for SSI. They said that the money my husband gets form the VA makes us exceed the amount. So my question is are they not suppose to count VA money?

        • Kay Derochie says:

          Dear Tonnette,

          I think the VA benefit is probably countable for SNAP; however, you might ask to see a list of income that is excluded from counting to check to see if VA benefits is on the list.

          Sincerely,
          Kay

  18. Dawn Hancock says:

    I am still awaiting a decision on my disability claim. I am 59 years old have been a widow vor 25 years, worked sporadically over the years are my work credits over a lifetime or at a certain age.I know that when I turn 60 I can take early ss .How do I figure my work credits for my disabiity claim

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Dawn,

      To be eligible for Social Security Disability benefits, you must be both fully and currently insured. Fully insured at your age means have forty quarters of coverage. Currently insured means that at least twenty must have been earned in the last ten years before you became disabled. At the end of this message I will include a list of dollar amounts that earn a quarter of coverage. Four is the maximum number of credits that can be earned in one year. You can go to http://www.ssa.gov and set up a My Social Security account. Then you can request your earnings record, which will tell you whether you are insured for retirement and disability. Alternatively, you can request your earnings record by calling 1-800-772-1213. Be sure to make clear you want a record of your earnings and benefit estimates, not a benefit verification letter.

      You can draw reduced widow’s benefits at age sixty if your spouse had enough work to provide survivor benefits. You can receive Social Security retirement benefits on your own earnings record at age sixty-two if you have enough work credits (forty).

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  19. Greg says:

    I am pretty confused with all of this and possibly will be out of luck with this one, but when i was very young my dad got paralyzed and I know we were supposed to get disability but i have never seen any kind of money from it, also he has passed 4 years ago. I have just turned 19 and the topic was brought up again and im wondering, what, if anything can be done. Am i owed some sort of money or am i just out of luck now because it has been pushed aside for so long. Very confused and upset about it all.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Greg,

      The first possibility is that your mother or other parent responsible for you received your benefits because you were a minor and used the money for food and housing and other basic needs. If no benefits were paid and if your father was insured for Social Security survivor benefits, you might be able to receive survivor benefits on his earnings record for some months while you were either under age eighteen or under nineteen and in high school. If he was receiving only Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits, there are no dependent or survivor benefits payable.

      If you have been eighteen or age eighteen and attending high school in any of the last six months, your first step is to take your father’s Social Security number to a Social Security office and attempt to file a survivor’s claim. Get the claim started before the end of March to avoid potential loss of benefits. You will need your birth certificate and your father’s death certificate, but you don’t have to have them to start the claim. If he was not insured, the Administration will let you know

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  20. Sarah says:

    Hi Kay!
    I wondered if you could help me out or point me in the right direction. I’ve asked multiple attys and have received multiple answers lol. In 2010, I had work quarters, so I filed for SSD. I was denied, but based off the fact they didn’t have enough information to decide. I didn’t realize what this meant and did not appeal it. I continued to get worse with the same condition and was finally starting to get diagnosed. My dr recommended I refile. I did, but I no longer had enough work quarters, so I filed for SSI. I was awarded SSI in 2014, and they agreed that my disability date went back to 2008. Is it possible to Reopen the 2010 case? My reason for looking into this is that it would provide insurance and possibly some more back pay to cover past medical expenses.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Sarah,

      At this point, you have no appeal rights on the 2010 Social Security Disability (SSDI) application. However, because the SSI program requires that you apply for all other benefits possible, you might try making a written request for reopening of your denied Social Security application based on the SSI determination of your date of disability. It is an extremely long shot, but you have nothing to lose.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  21. smith says:

    My question is I thought when u get disability they look at your whole work history to determine your credits? An sec how many credits do u have to have for your children to get benefits from you. the system seems twisted to me or I’m just missing something s.I’m 32 with 2 kids ages 8/4 my check741$ how is Tht. An I only had this for 2years now.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Smith,

      A person becoming disabled at an age under thirty-one must have one quarter of coverage (work credit) for each two calendar quarters between age twenty-one and his age when he became disabled. If a person is insured (has sufficient work credits), then the benefit is based on the person’s earnings, not on the number of credits. For a young person, all earnings would be used on the calculation. The higher the past earnings, the higher the benefits. Dependent benefits are not based on the number of work credits; they are based on the family maximum benefit earned by the worker. Low primary benefits earned by the worker mean either no or low benefits for dependents because the family maximum is the same or only slightly more than the worker’s benefit.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  22. JoAnna says:

    My daughter is turning 24 this month and does not work or go to school. She has had degenerative bone disease in her knees since 2008, along with depressive disorders and most recently substance abuse, which we have gotten her treatment for and now she is on Prozac and Ridlin. She has only worked a few months at a “donut shop”, earning approx. 450 in 2013, her only SS income which paid into the SS insurance. In the past, I have never received any type of government benefits, but I lost my job this past year and we were instructed for file for SSD/SSI for her. My question is this, since she hasn’t paid anything into SS, how would she qualify for SSDI? Should she try to work this year to start earning credits, then wait to apply in two more years? I have a feeling she will never be able to hold down a full time job, but I also know that I won’t be able to continue supporting her since I’m going to have to start working part time to my own medical conditions (which do NOT qualify as disability under SSDI).

    Thank you for any advice on this.

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear JoAnna,

      Your daughter can apply for Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which does not have a work-credit requirement for citizens and some aliens.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  23. alisha2673 says:

    i recieve ssd and ssi. i got my award letter for my ssi in 2000 and they kept telling me i didn’t have enough credits for ssd. after fighting with them that i did they finally approved my for ssd in 2010. my two children also recieved a award letter but it said they could not recieve a check because it was all being paid to me. since then my oldest son recieved a letter stating his benefits were going to end (even though he never got a check) because he was turning 18. and i have a daughter that is 4 yrs. old now. and i only get 20.00 over what ssi pays a month. which is very hard to live off of let alone 2 kids also. how can i get more credits or what do i have to do for them to be able to recieve a check?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Alisha,

      Your children are not receiving dependent benefits because your total work earnings before you became disabled were low, allowing only a payment to you. Your maximum family benefit “was used up” paying your benefit. Another way to say this is that your benefit and the family benefit you earned were the same.

      To have a raise in your Social Security benefit, you would have to work and earn enough to allow an increase. This may not be possible if you are disabled. Such increases would be small and likely you benefit would not reach an amount that would allow a dependent benefit for your daughter. You can read about Social Security Disability work incentives in Social Security’s Red Book, accessible at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/redbook. Any amount you earn above $65 a month will reduce your SSI one dollar for each two dollars earned. I suggest that you contact your state or county health and human services department to see if you are eligible for cash assistance for families with dependent children. If you do work, be sure to report it to the Social Security Administration.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  24. mills says:

    Hi again…One other thing, please. I understand the 1070 can be increased for certain necesities if these are medically necessary…..I am on the medical cannabis program….its the only thing that kinda works so I need it after being on a list if meds that did not work so its medically indicated. How can I get this on record so to possibly increase the base of $1070? Now, I did list the medical cannabis on my activity sheet sent to me by the ssa.
    TY, Mills

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Mills,

      I suggest that you discuss this with Social Security. Certain medical expenses required to work will sometimes reduce your countable gross earnings when determining whether you are performing substantial gainful activity.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

      • mills says:

        Hi…thanks for the rezponse. I dont understand……what is countable gross earnings? Does that mean they would increase how much one can make, gross? And how does one get this considered and approved?

        Ty, Mills

        • Kay Derochie says:

          Dear Mills,

          Please see my response to your other posting that I posted a few minutes ago. Gross earnings are earnings before taxes. Part of work earnings are not countable. Specifically, the first $65 and half of the amount above that. In some circumstances expenses incurred for things that you must have to work and that are related to your disability can further reduce the countable income portion of your earnings.

          Sincerely,
          Kay

  25. mills says:

    Hi…I called the SSA today and told them I was working. They basically asked the questions rather than me giving them all info. So they asked and I told them my hourly rate and that I average 8 hours per week. I also wanted to update them on my medical stuff but I cant get my case manager at the local office to answer my calls. So the SSA didnt seem interested in anymore info than hourly rate and amount of hrs per week. Is there another way to get my medical stuff updated besides the local office who is not listening, and the main SSA denied my med. info because they insist it must go through the local office? The perdiem and mileage are itemized separately in the paystub and being that I was only able to find work two hours from my home, a fair portion of what i make goes right back into trying to have funds for the following week so the income is almost…..just not much at all. I understand the ssa does not care about that but how or why would they view the perdiem and meals as income if, without it, I really could not even bother working? So, i told them i was working but they dont know about the meals because i could barely get that in. I have not called about the snap and GA cuz, honestly, i would be in the street without it. I dont understand what they want from us. How should i handle this? How does snap and ga play into the $1070 gross figure?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Mills,

      Mail the medical information to the Disability Determination Services (DDS), which is the agency Social Security hires to make the decision on your claim. If you don’t have the address and phone number you can get it from the call center or local office. The call center number is (800) 772-1213.

      You are responsible for reporting all the work compensation you get to Social Security. They will then have to determine whether the per diem counts as income. If you are having trouble getting the information across by phone, to protect yourself against future overpayments that you would have to repay, mail in a statement via certified mail to your local office explaining your work situation and work compensation, including the per diem, and that it is reimbursement for expenses related to working so far from you home. Include a the date you started and a pay stub. Save a photocopy of what you send and the proof of mailing.

      With regard to SNAP and the cash assistance you are getting from the local welfare office, the benefits you are receiving are public welfare assistance and eligibility is based on the amount of income you have. If you do not report that you are working and receive more than you are eligible for, you could be prosecuted for fraud.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

      • mills says:

        Hi there….Yes, I will take care of reporting the ga and snap. Thank you. I had written you a note asking how my medical plays into this and how can i get the ssdi folks to see it as part of what i have to pay per month. I underztand there is a way for the ssdi folks to consider the med cann so as to increase the amount U can work. I have read the ssa is accepting this new reality because there are now so many states with medical cannabis program (mcp). Would you please explain what steps i can and must take to have the ssdi consider my mcp, please?

        Ty, Mills

        • Kay Derochie says:

          Dear Mills,

          You need to make a written request to the Social Security Administration asking that they consider your medical expenses, which you would list in the letter, to be required expenses to be able to work for the purposes of reducing the amount of your wages that count toward the substantial gainful activity (SGA). If you make a written request, you then have a right to a formal decision. Once you get the decision, if it is not favorable, you have the right to appeal.

          Sincerely,
          Kay

  26. mills says:

    Hi again….i forgot to mention….In addition to what ive already mentioned, i also receive snap and general assistance that began this past August. I have only been working for one month. All these monies …state assistance, snap, the perdiem stuff, and the gross $ 942.00….how does it play into ssdi approval? At the end of the month…its not much. I had a well providing professional job in my recent past so i know i am ssdi. My projected income is adequate….
    TY, Mills

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Mills,

      Please see my response to your prior question.

      If you have not already reported your work income to the office that authorizes your general assistance and SNAP benefits, you need to do so right away because you may no longer be eligible for the general assistance and may be ineligible or eligible for less in SNAP benefits.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  27. mills says:

    Hi there……i am 51 and am at the stage where they sent the paperwork asking about daily activities and past employment. I have ptsd. Anyway, i finally got some work and i only made 942.00. The question is this…. I made that amount pre-tax but in addition to that amount, i get paid perdiem and mileage to compensate me for what i invest in gas, mileage and meals and which is NOT taxable but yet the IRS is made aware of that payment portion. To include the gas, mileage and meals places me over the 1070.00. I dont think or i hope this does not injure my chances for my ssdi application….What is your thought on this?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Mills,

      You need to report all the income to the Social Security Administration (SSA) now while your claim is pending. They will make a determination of whether the per diem counts toward earnings used to evaluate substantial work. Be prepared to provide proof of your start date also.

      Sincerely,
      Kay

  28. Dee says:

    Hi I just recently got approved for ssdi. My 25yr old has been on ssi since he was 18. My income was not counted towards his bavk then because I told them he was an adult so they didn’t use mine. But now they are? It doesn’t make sense, the kid was told he was gonna to get a backpay check for 3,219.00. Ssi told him this knowing he was on ssi and switching over to ssdi under mine, he received 300.00 I called ssi numerous times and they said it sounds right! I don’t understand this. He’s being punished. I was told ssi is for low income people, which that hadn’t changed. I don’t get that he can work and make 1,000.00 a month on ssi without his payments being affected, but they took over 250.00 a month that was due for back pay. Also online I read when a person turns 18 parents income not used. Ssi never asked me or him how we deal with our money. I don’t help him, he helps me every single month and it’s a good chunk of change. I also read each child can get up to half each of my monthly payment. My 3 kids had to split half . My middle kid just got off due to his age. Ssi told me his money would be divided and my 2 kids wld split it evenly. So each got 197.00. Now my daughter is getting 297.00 and my 25 yr old is getting 100.00 less per month. I also read they would get more if on parents. Not in my case. I’m 47 and worked since I was 14 and the amount I get, I am very grateful that I do get it, however it’s not enough to live off. One more thing, years ago my work had a pension through the city so on my earning statements my ssi is zero I was told by ssi nothing they can do, the company did away with the pension, I got nothing cuz I was only there a couple years, but it looks like I didn’t work for 2yrs when I did. Also ssi has zero for 2012. I wasn’t working, but receiving unemployment and had taxes deducted. Would that change the amount I receive. Thank yoi

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Dee,

      Here is what I think the situation is. I believe that your son is now getting Social Security disabled adult child benefits from your earnings record. That income of his (not your income) reduces his Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. The two benefits together can be as much as $741 if he is payinghis share of shelter and food costs.

      You are right that Social Security dependent benefits are split evenly among the children. If he has been eligible for disabled adult child benefits for twenty-four months, including past months, the $100 apparently “missing” from his check would be premiums for Medicare coverage. Once all the processing is done, if the has Medicaid, Medicaid will pay the Medicare premium and his check will go up.

      With regard to the calculation of your Social Security benefit, only earned income from which Social Security (FICA) taxes are withheld give you Social Security work credits. The taxes withheld from unemployment benefits (not work income) are not FICA taxes, and apparently your work under the city was not covered employment.With regard to the city pension, you probably did not work there long enough to get a pension even if they had continued the pension program.

      Sincerely,

      Kay

      • Now I am disable whY I DONT GET my husband disability INSURANCE I NEVER RECEIVE ONE PENNY ALSO MY CHILDERN NEVER GOT A PENNY ALSO MY CHILDERN NEVER GOT A RED CENT now my son is giving me hell I want to be able to send him to a school to help get back on track !!!!!!! I need money for the school and transportation now that I am in able to work

        • Kay Derochie says:

          Dear LaShell,

          Dear Teresa,

          For Social Security dependents benefits to be paid, your husband has to be receiving Social Security Disability (SSDI), not Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and his Social Security family maximum must be higher than his primary benefit. Your husband can find out if the family maximum is more than his benefit by calling Social Security at 1-800-772-1213. If dependent benefits are payable and you have children under age eighteen (or under nineteen if still in school), you can apply for benefits for them. Dependent benefits are not paid to spouses because they are disabled; they are payable if the spouse has a child of the worker’s under age sixteen in her care or if she is age sixty-two. You can apply for Social Security disability based on your own earnings record and/or for SSI disability.

          Sincerely,
          Kay

  29. Wes says:

    I am curious, in the case if a person works while getting disability payments in 2014, how would the person earn more Social Security credits? Would it be possible?

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Wes,

      If your work earnings while receiving disability benefits are enough higher than your earnings in the lowest earnings year used to calculate your original benefit, your future benefits could increase. For example, if your earnings in 2013 would increase your benefits, the increase would begin with the January 2014 benefit; however the Annual Earnings Recalculation Operation (AERO) that would identify an increase is not typically not run until the second half of the year. If an increase is due, it would be paid retroactively to January 2014 and sent in the last calendar quarter of 2014.

      Sincerely,

      Kay

  30. Suzanne says:

    My daughter became disable in 06 and receives social security off her step- father he passed away In 07. So I receive a social security because she became disable before 22 yr. She pays for medicare and humana for insurance. My question is I can’t get medicare because I’m not the disable person is there any kind of help i can get to get insurance I can afford? What kind of help is out there for me? I receive $1533 a mo

    Thank you,
    Suzanne

    • Kay Derochie says:

      Dear Suzanne,

      Check with your state or country to find out whether your income is low enough to get state-administered health insurance. If you are unable to get Medicaid or other insurance for individuals with low incomes, next fall when the next open enrollment occurs for the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), I suggest that you investigate choosing insurance through that program. Your income may be low enough to qualify for a government subsidy to help pay the premiums.

      Sincerely,

      Kay

    • Christie Thompson says:

      Question
      Can you explain “disabled adult child” criteria in more detail, please? And how can I determine exact number of work credits? Thank you.

      • Kay Derochie says:

        Dear Christie,

        A disabled adult child does not have to have any work credits. A disabled adult child is an unmarried person who became disabled before age twenty-two. To receive benefits, at least one of his or her parents must be deceased or receiving Social Security benefits on his or her own earnings record and the the parent’s family maximum benefit must be high enough. The number of work credits the parent has depends on the type of benefit.

        Sincerely,
        Kay

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